Supply Chain Management?
Supply chain management is the combination of the process and information technology that integrates the suppliers of raw materials or components, the manufacturers or assemblers of the finished products, and distributors of the products or services into one cohesive process to include demand forecasting, materials requisition, order processing, order fulfillment, transportation services, receiving, invoicing, and payment processing.
Enterprise Resource Planning Software
Enterprise Resource Planning or ERP is a broad set of activities for improving the performance of internal business processes. ERP is supported by multi-module application software that integrates activities across functional departments, from product planning, parts purchasing, inventory control, product distribution, to order tracking. ERP can also include application modules for the finance and human resources aspects of a business.
ERP vs. SCM
Both ERP and SCM systems are intended to re-engineer internal business processes to achieve better resource planning and coordination across departments. SCM usually refers to the redesign of supply chain processes in order to achieve streamlining. It is generally performed only by large corporations with large suppliers. B2B exchange can extend Supply Chain Management to all trading partners regardless of size by providing a central location to integrate information from all supply chain participants.
Since SCM systems feed information to ERP and use information from ERP, it's common for organizations install ERP before implementation of SCM for large organizations who have budget for this. Implementation of ERP, however, is not required for the successful installation of SCM systems. SCM systems can interact with legacy systems through interface software or middleware. The cost of integrating SCM systems with legacy systems is much higher than integration with ERP systems. New generation of ERP and SCM generally share the same technical architecture and support API which can ease the system integration.
2007-07-16 07:58 苏向东 阅读(3812) 评论(0) 收藏 好文推荐